Full title:\r\n\r\n \r\n\r\nTomai E., and Kavouras M., “From Onto-GeoNoesis to Onto-Genesis The Design of Geographic Ontologies”, Geoinformatica, 8(3): pp. 285-301, 2004.\r\n\r\n \r\n\r\nAbstract:\r\n\r\n \r\n\r\nAn important issue in geographic ontological research is the ability to design new ontologies. In this context, we first explore the desiderata of domain ontologies in terms of their constituting elements: i.e., the lexicon, concepts, relations, and axioms. Furthermore, we touch upon several characteristics of geographic concepts, which have puzzled geographic information scientists, and present critical topics of geographic ontological research. Based on the previous aspects of the problem, and guided by prior work of analyzing existent geographic ontologies, we have identified their qualities and deficiencies with regard to completeness and adequacy. This  meta-ontological  approach has guided us in presenting herein, a framework for generating robust geographic ontologies, which will comply with the semantics of the concepts of the specific domain.\r\n\r\n \r\n\r\nDownload: here\r\n\r\n